Assignment: On Fundamental Research Sample

Table of Contents

TASK- 1: 3

  • Q1. Difference between basic and applied research:
  • Q2.  Difference between Primary and secondary research:
  • Identify the tools of collected primary and secondary research:
  • Q.3:  Difference between ‘Qualitative’ research and ‘Quantitative’ research:
  • Q.4 : Key characteristics of scientific research:
  • References


TASK- 1:

Q1. Difference between basic and applied research: 


The finding of fundamental research does not have the quick applications in a level which is commonsense. This research is absolutely driven by the eagerness to learn more or to expand the level of knowledge one has in a specific research area. Also, this sort of research has a distinct commitment in the exploration territory to the assortment of scholarly information (Dudovskiy, 2019). Generalizations about the phenomenon are made by this research and the philosophy of this research is to gather more knowledge for the sake of learning more and knowing more. Moreover, one can find the answers of what, why or how through this type of research.


Applied research delves deep into the problem and the aim of this research is to find the immediate resolution for the same. These problems might arise in an organization or in the society as a whole. This is not a research for just the sake of knowledge. Therefore, this research mainly deals with generalizations as well as formulating the theories. It is a non-systematic form of inquiry and is launched either by an organization, entity or even an individual in order to find possible resolutions of the current problem.


  1. In applied research the point and intention is to discover arrangement for the existing problem. Whereas, fundamental research relate to understanding new things and gaining and expansion of knowledge.

  2. In applied research the aims and objectives are set by the agents or clients as a solution to the current problem. Fundamental research on the other hand is initiated by individuals for self-expansion of knowledge.

  3. Applied research is more inclined towards external validity, whereas, fundamental research is more specific to internal validity as it is more concerned with individuals (Dudovskiy, 2019).

Q2.  Difference between Primary and secondary research:  


Way of difference

              Primary Research

                Secondary Research




The primary research is the type of research in which the data is gathered from the direct data for assessing any momentum investigates issue (mondal, 2018).

The auxiliary research is the kind of research which incorporates the data originated from the primary research (Softwarehelp, 2019).


Primary research is a kind of time oriented application. Moreover, this research mainly takes longer time for gathering data or information. 

Secondary research takes less time rather than primary researched (Softwarehelp, 2019). 


The Primary research process is very complex and hard to understand. 

The Secondary research process is simple than primary research and also it is easy to understand.


Identify the tools of collected primary and secondary research:  

All the data are being collected from the real world application. After that it is analysed over the collected data in order to generate a form. There are some tools of collected primary and secondary research. All the tools are described below: 

Tools of primary research

  • Interview: It is one of the techniques of collecting primary data. Within this technique all the data are collected by audio recording, video recording and others.
  • Observation: Observation is the technique of primary research by which the data can be collected by recording. In the observation method all the gathering data are being monitored for a period of time (surbhi, 2018).

Tools of secondary research

  • Case Study: In the process of Case study all the entire data are collected, analyzed, apply statistic over it and then secondary data is collected.
  • Articles: By reviewing the articles, an individual can also collect the data for carrying out the secondary research.

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Q.3:  Difference between ‘Qualitative’ research and ‘Quantitative’ research:   


        Qualitative Research

          Quantitative Research



In the Qualitative Research process, all the data are uncountable data. Moreover, it can be a type of image, video, text and other. 

In the Quantitative research all the data are countable. The containing data are in the form of numerical.


Qualitative researched data are not in a structure form. In this research, all the data remains in an unordered and illogical way (Lithmee, 2018).

Quantitative researched data remain in the form of a structured (Dudovskiy, 2019). By using some statistical method all the Qualitative data can be moved into quantitative data.


In the Qualitative research, statistical analysis is very difficult because all the data are in unstructured form. 

Statistical analysis is very easier in the quantitative research method because in this research method all the data in a numerical structure (surbhi, 2018). 



‘WHY’ and ‘HOW’ are the researched based questions

‘WHAT’ and ‘WHERE’ are researched based questions.

Size of sample

Sample size is not important.

In the quantitative research the sample size is important.


Qualitative researched are follow some instruction: first observing the data then finding out a suitable pattern. After that make it tentative hypothesis at least reducing a theory (Lithmee, 2018). 

Quantitative researched are also follow some steps: From the theory a researcher can find out a tentative hypothesis after that it can be analyzed over the hypothesis form. 


Example:  City name, Image, Video and other objects which are not countable.

Example:  Numerical. 

Q.4: Key characteristics of scientific research:

  • Objectivity: Objectivity is part of science research through which a researcher can solve problem and monitoring the peoples who think over the real world (mondal, 2018). 

  • Verification: All the gathering data are being stored by sense of human. All the data are verified by some credentials which are accurate (Lithmee, 2018).

  • Ethical Neutrality: Science research is ethical in nature. It is mainly dependent only on the knowledge. It has been evident that the ethical knowledge is value natural or value free.

  • Method of the system: A scientific research has some specific steps to design company plan and resolve the entire problem. All the steps are:

  • Collecting the entire data.

  • Gathering all the data (mondal, 2018).

  • Analysing the data.

  • Generating scientific information.

  • Accuracy:  Accuracy is one of the parts of scientific research. In addition, accuracy is a type of data which is more relevant and have some specific information (Lithmee, 2018). 

  • Abstraction: Abstraction is a part of scientific research by which a researcher will be able to clear out the research problem. Within the abstraction all the result are in the realistic picture. 


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